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August 31, 2009, 09:44
wordcrafter
Weird Science
Last week we looked at words that were created due to mistaken science. This week we'll note some weird sciences, some obscure names of scientific disciplines.

Now many such terms are obscure only because you don't recognize the prefix, and once it's explained to you there's no further interest.* That's boring. So we'll try to focus on terms which either name interesting disciplines, or have an odd look to them – such as our first.

prosopography (not in OED) – study of the common background characteristics of a historical group, by a collective study of their lives ("collective biography", as it were) to find their patterns of relationships and activities
[sometimes applied to a like study of a group of literary characters]

Our quote discusses the English Puritans who first settled Massachusetts, 1630-1640. A clear majority of them came from East Anglia; the percentage was even higher among the earliest of these settlers, among those who stayed put (many migrated to other parts of New England), and among their cultural elite.

*For example, helminthology (from Greek helmins, helminth- intestinal worm) is "the scientific study of worms, especially parasitic worms". There's nothing much more to be said.

This message has been edited. Last edited by: wordcrafter,
September 01, 2009, 02:07
pearce
quote:
Originally posted by wordcrafter:

prosopography (not in OED)

Actually, prosopography is in the OED--DRAFT REVISION Dec. 2007 . From post-classical prosopographia Latin description of a person's appearance (1577)
1. The description of the form or personal appearance of an individual; an instance of this. Now rare.

2. A study or description of an individual's life, career, etc.; esp. a collection of such studies focusing on the public careers and relationships of a group in a particular place and period; a collective biography. As a mass noun: the study of such descriptions, esp. as an aspect of classical history; such studies or histories as a genre.
September 01, 2009, 20:37
Kalleh
Yes, it's in the online version as well.
September 02, 2009, 18:51
wordcrafter
onomastics – the study of proper names

At first onomastics struck me as a rather frivolous discipline. It may be nice to know that John means 'God is gracious', but of what practical use is it?

But yesterday's quote-sources showed me the use: culture's naming-customs can reveal its values and contrast it with other cultures. For example, we vividly see the Puritan's view of monarchy in this striking fact: "Only one town in Massachusetts was named for any member of the royal family during the first generation–a striking exception to the monarchical rule in most British colonies." [Sidenote: Even that one town, Charlestown, was not named directly for Charles I. The Puritans named it for the Charles River, which had been named before their time.]

Today's illustrative quotation is from the same source. Below is more from that source (ellipses omitted), showing how onomastics can show a culture's beliefs and values. To quote another historian, "The naming of children is culturally never a trivial act."

This message has been edited. Last edited by: wordcrafter,
September 02, 2009, 18:59
wordcrafter
quote:
"The naming of children," writes historian Daniel Scott Smith, "is culturally never a trivial act." This was specially so among the Puritans[, who] named their newborn infants in ways that differed very much from other English-speaking people.

The most striking feature of their onomastic customs was their strong taste for biblical names. In seventeenth-century Boston, 90 percent of all first names were taken from the Bible. A remarkably small number of biblical names accounted for a very large proportion of choices. In the Massachusetts Bay Colony as a whole during the seventeenth century, more than 50 percent of all girls were named Mary, Elizabeth or Sarah. [But] Puritan children were not named Jesus or Christopher. A minister explained: "The name is properly to Christ, and [it is] not fit for Christian humility to call a man Gabriel or Michael, giving the names of angels to the sons of mortality." With equal care, Puritan parents also chose scriptural names which seemed suitable to their social rank.
A couple more tidbits, for amusement:
quote:
One unfortunate child was named Mahershalalhasbaz, the longest name in the bible. Another was baptized Mene Mene Tekel Upharsin Pond. There is evidence that parents sometimes shut their eyes, opened the good book and pointed to a word at random, with results such as Notwithstanding Griswold and Maybe Barnes.

Still another onomastic custom in Massachusetts was the use of necronyms. When a child died, its name was usually given to the next-born baby of the same sex.

September 06, 2009, 20:25
wordcrafter
Two disciplines involving unconscious behavior in the interactions between people.

kinesics – study of body movements and gestures which convey meaning non-vocally
[Note: most definitions seem to me to have a sense of communicating willingly, but I think the word encompasses gesture that give you away, such as a "tell" in poker. See quote]proxemics – the study of how people structure the physical proximity between them in various situations

Our quote tells of some very interesting research.
September 07, 2009, 18:04
wordcrafter
Today, another related pair of areas of study.

Mariology – the part of Christian theology dealing with the Virgin Mary
patrology – the study of the lives, doctrines, and writings of the Fathers of the Church; patristics (also: a treatise on this)
September 09, 2009, 00:59
BobHale
Isn't it odd how rare words, when they crop up at all, always seem to crop up more than once in a short time? (In this case in a slightly different form) Five minutes ago I was sitting reading A.C. Grayling's Ideas That Matter and came across this in his essay on Chrstianity.
quote:
Because Christianity's first official form was Roman, it adopted much of the administrative techniques and hierarchy of the Roman state, took over and Christianized many of the pagan feasts and festival, and incorporated, as saints, many of the favourite deities of the peoples of the empire, most notably exploiting the widespread and fervent worship of the virgin goddess Diana by offering worship of the Virgin Mary in its place. In the Roman Catholic version of Christianity, Mariolatry and the cult of saints constitutes one of the most important features - and are much despised by the austerer Protestants.


One thing I wonder about is the use of Mariology vs Mariolatry. It seems to me that the meaning is the same in both cases but that the -ology version does not carry the disparaging implication that is present in the -olatry version.

Would you agree with me about that?


"No man but a blockhead ever wrote except for money." Samuel Johnson.

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September 09, 2009, 06:21
zmježd
Would you agree with me about that?

Yes, especially because of the word idolatry which uses the same root. Bardolatry is not a good thing either.


Ceci n'est pas un seing.
September 09, 2009, 06:26
<Asa Lovejoy>
Worship of Brigette Bardot? Roll Eyes
September 09, 2009, 06:53
zmježd
Worship of Brigette Bardot?

[Eye-rolling emoticon, indeed.] Bardolatry (link) is the idolization of Shakspere. How about the worship of surgeons? Iatrolatry.


Ceci n'est pas un seing.
November 10, 2009, 23:22
perambulator
quote:
Weird science recommends testosterone-fueled tracking polls

I still recall the moment when my parents could no longer help with my math homework- calculus. They were still supportive, in the sense of being great about having friends over to do homework and the like, but I was just gobsmacked that they couldn't do trig integrations. They had literally never failed me before then, or looked like it even cost them some token effort to prod me in the right direction to the solution.

Incidentally, we never had a talk about drugs. It was assumed to be unthinkable, and anyway I couldn't have afforded it.