Until just now I wasn't familiar with the term, "Taylorism," named for Frederick W. Taylor, whose 1911 monograph set the stage for scientific business management. Is he well-known, but not by me, or is the term now obscure?
I'd heard of Taylorism in several contexts. Taylor's time-management work was very influential in industry, and I believe he's considered one of the founders of the discipline of Industrial Engineering. If you've ever seen an old b&w film of someone doing a factory task with a big timer running in the foreground, that's Taylor's work. Lenin was also very enamored of Taylorism, so its influence isn't limited entirely to America.
While I was vaguely aware of a Taylor who was an early proponent of scientific business management, I wan't aware of anyone's forming an eponymous "ism" from his name. The only Taylor with whom I'm very familiar was C.G. Taylor, designer of the Piper Cub and Taylorcraft aircraft, and the early Austers, which were British Taylorcraft. Because I didn't associate The right Taylor with "Taylorism," the term confused me. (As though I wren't confused enough!) Had it been in the context of time and motion studies, perhaps I wouldn't have been cornfoosed.